Effects of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention on Psychological Outcomes Including Self-Compassion, Mental Health, and Behavioral Outcomes in Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Velasquez, Natalia Andrea
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The present study utilized a brief mindfulness-based intervention to examine the relationship between psychological/behavioral factors, such as mindfulness and self-compassion, in improving parental stress, psychological well-being, and behavioral outcomes in parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Four parents of children with ASD engaged in a 3-session mindfulness-based intervention that included psychoeducation on mindfulness and self-compassion skills, experiential exercises, and implementation of mindfulness and self-compassion skills in parenting vignettes. Measurements included the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), Parental Stress Index-4 Short Form (PSI-4 SF), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II), and behavioral mindfulness and self-compassion. Using an A-B single subject design, results supported gradual increases in psychological/behavioral mindfulness and self-compassion scores in parents of children with ASD after receiving mindfulness and self-compassion training. Additionally, there were no overall improvements in total parental stress as a result of the mindfulness-based intervention; however, results indicated mild improvements in psychological health, and, thus, well-being.