The Effects of Feedback Statements versus Coaching Questions on Athlete Performance
Caberlon, Cledia Machado
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Coaching is a term used frequently in behavioral and non-behavioral literature, yet often with a lack of clarity on form and function. One component of coaching is feedback, which is the most common intervention in Organizational Behavior Management (OBM) and has shown to be an effective treatment when implemented correctly. However, the use of questions rather than statements to improve performance has not yet been evaluated in the coaching system. The current investigation used a coaching system to separately compare the effectiveness of both interactions (feedback statements and coaching questions) to contribute to the coaching literature. Five Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) fighters participated in the study and received coaching questions and feedback statements in a randomized order. An alternating treatments design was used to evaluate the effects of the intervention on athlete performance.