Development of Adaptable Human-Machine Interface for Teleoperation Over Time Delay
The Adaptable Human-Machine Interface (AHMI) was developed for the Orbital Robotic Interaction, On-orbit servicing, and Navigation (ORION) Laboratory of the Florida Institute of Technology. The primary project objective was to develop and test a predictive display for mitigating the effects of time delay in teleoperation of space robots and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) using quadcopters as a test case. Regardless of the increasing popularity of various autonomous systems, research and development of teleoperating system should not be neglected since it is often utilized as a back-up in most autonomous systems especially in systems for human spaceflight and UAV operations in unpredicted conditions. This project serves as a pilot research project for developing a Human-Machine-Interface (HMI) for teleoperating over time delay, which can be adapted for different flight mechanics and/or systems. The interface has been developed in the Unity3D game engine and implemented for a Parrot A.R. Drone 2.0. Test results suggest that various elements of the head-up display will require to be customized along with the system dynamics model to achieve an effective predictive display. However, the interface software framework in Unity3D can be utilized, adapted, or expanded for different flight mechanics.