Extraversion and Person-Environment Fit: Towards Consideration of Jungian Theory in Organizational Psychology
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Historically, the field of Industrial/Organizational (I/O) Psychology has relied on the Big 5 taxonomy of personality. The purpose of this study was to examine the value of a Jungian conception of extraversion in the context of the relationship between the physical work environment and person-environment (PE) fit. The MBTI and the NEO-IPIP, representing a Jungian and a taxonomic conception of personality, respectively, were hypothesized to predict the within-person relationship between extraverted environment and PE fit. PE fit was hypothesized to predict perceived satisfaction and perceived performance. To examine these hypotheses, 110 participants were recruited from Mturk and responded to 18 pictorial vignettes depicting workplace environments by indicating their perceived fit, perceived performance, and perceived satisfaction. Extraversion according to the MBTI positively predicted the within-person relationship between extraverted environment and PE fit, and PE fit positively predicted perceived performance and perceived satisfaction. This study contributes to research and practice related to personality in organizations by demonstrating the potential value of Jungian theory to I/O psychology research, while also introducing how characteristics of the physical work environment may impact employee fit.