Methodology evaluation for remotely estimating water quality parameters in estuarine waters
Bostater, Charles R.
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Water absorption signatures were measured from water samples placed in a 50 cm pathlength cylindrical cuvette. Quantitative analysis of chlorophyll-a and dissolved organic matter (DOM- humic acid, fulvic acid, or tannic acid) was conducted using second derivative spectra followed by computation of double inflection ratio (DIR) spectra for all possible combinations of bands (from 362 - 1115 nm with 252 channels). A specially designed instrument system is described which allows measurements of absorption of particulate and dissolved organic matter (chlorophyll-a and DOM) in a water sample. The ability of the system to allow measurement of absorption signatures and relating the data to observed or in-situ water reflectance signatures measured from a moving or in-situ platform is described. The methods demonstrate the value of high spectral resolution signatures to estimate concentrations of the water quality parameters and an analytical technique using optimal ambient correlation spectroscopy for selecting bands or channels for estimating concentrations directly from spectral absorption signatures.