Indonesian Women’s Health Determinants
McGrady, Victoria A
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This study utilized the Indonesian Family Life Survey 5 to investigate the relationships between broad health outcomes and selected biopsychosocial measures. The study population was comprised of 17,480 Indonesian women who ranged in age from 15 years to 103 years with a mean age of 38.27 years. The results of this study showed the biopsychosocial model of health is valid for Indonesian women. Results supported the assumption that the measures of physical health (acute morbidity and medically diagnosed chronic conditions) are significantly correlated with the measures of psychological health (depression, and subjective wellbeing). Results also supported the assumption that biopsychosocial variables significantly impact health. The biopsychosocial variables of income, education, power, community participation, and religiosity were positively significant to overall health, as well as chronic health, acute health, subjective wellbeing and lack of depressive symptoms. Chronic health was the strongest health variable, with 9.5% of the variance accounted for by the biopsychosocial variables, while acute health was the weakest health variable with only .5% of the variance explained by the biopsychosocial variables. Separate regressions showed religiosity and education were the strongest biopsychosocial variables, while community participation, income and power were not significant to overall health. While the results of this study showed many of the expected relationships between the biopsychosocial variables and health measures, correlations between the four health variables and the five independent variables were generally much weaker than expected, leading to the conclusion that there may be other, stronger variables involved in determining the health of Indonesian women.